Amshei NURENBERG 1887 — 1979
Амшей Маркович НЮРЕНБЕРГ • Амшей Маркович НЮРЕНБЕРГ
Amshei Nurenberg was born in Elisavetgrad in 1887. He was a Ukrainian, Russian and Soviet painter, graphic artist and art critic. In 1904 - 1910 he has studied at the Odessa School of Arts with Professor Cyriaque Costandi. After having graduated from the School he continued his education in Paris. He lived in the Latin Quarter with other artists from Russia and during a year shared an atelier with Marc Chagall in the phalanstery La Ruche. In 1913 Nurenberg returned to Odessa, where he headed a group of modernists "The Independent", founded the private school "Free Studio" (1918), and participated in exhibitions of Odessa artists. After the Russian Revolution (1917) he was appointed to the People`s Commissar of Arts of Odessa and to the head of the Committee for Protecting the Artistic and Historic Heritage. Since 1920 the artist lived in Moscow. He became the first art columnist of Pravda newspaper, worked in the ROSTA Windows together with Vladimir Mayakovsky and was professor of history of the Western art at the VKhUTEMAS. In 1927-29 he was commissioned by the People`s Commissar for Education A. Lunacharsky to Paris to read lectures on new Soviet arts. In 1932 he has contributed to the organization of the Moscow Regional Union of Soviet Artists (МОССХ) which later has been extended to the USSR Union of Artists. During the World War II Nurenberg was in the evacuation in Tashkent (Uzbekistan). He continued to work as a painter and finished a series of anti-war paintings. After the war he worked as an artist in Moscow for the Museum of Revolution. Nurenberg explored different styles — from avant-garde to realism, having always remained faithful to traditions of the School of Paris. The artist died in Moscow in 1979.