Mikhail Osipovich MIKESHIN 1835 — 1896
Михаїл Осипович МИКЕШИН • Михаил Осипович МИКЕШИН
Mikhail Osipovich Mikeshin was born in 1835 in a village near Roslavl. A Russian artist who regularly worked for the Romanov family and designed a number of outdoor statues in the major cities of the Russian Empire. When he attended the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1852-58, his Romantic treatment of patriotic themes won him the admiration of the Russian royalty and he was asked to teach drawing to the Grand Duchesses. Although his forte was battle painting, Mikeshin`s sketch won the much-publicized contest for the monument to the Millennium of Russia in 1859. Henceforward, commissions were plentiful. He illustrated the official motto "Autocracy, Orthodoxy, and National Character" in designs for bombastic outdoor statues of Kuzma Minin in Nizhny Novgorod, Admiral Greig in Nikolayev, and Alexander II of Russia in Rostov-na-Donu. Only a few of Mikeshin`s outdoor monuments survived the Soviet years. These include the statues of Catherine the Great in Saint Petersburg (1873), Bohdan Khmelnytsky in Kiev (1888), and Ermak in Novocherkassk (1904). He also won competitions to erect monuments abroad, e.g., the statue of Pedro IV in Lisbon. In 1876-78, Mikeshin was the editor of Pchela, a satirical magazine in which he published his caricatures and illustrations to the works of Mykola Hohol and Taras Shevchenko. He died on in 1896 in Saint Petersburg.