Alexander TYSHLER 1898 — 1980
Олександр ТИШЛЕР • Александр ТИШЛЕР
Aleksandr Tyshler was born in Melitopol, Ukraine in 1898. Attended Kyiv Art College in 1912-1918 and the Kyiv studio of Alexandra Exter, establishing contact with Boris Aronson, Isaak Rabinovich, Nisson Shifrin, Sofia Vishnivetskaia and other. During the Civil War served with the Red Army. Contributed to the Okna Rosta in Melitopol (display windows for the Russian Telegraph Agency used for propaganda). Moved to Moscow in 1921. Enrolled in Vkhutemas, studying under Vladimir Favorsky; collaborated with Central Institute of Labor. Explored abstract painting. Founding member of the Projectionist group (1922). Met Vladimir Mayakovsky, Eduard Bagritsky, Velimir Khlebnikov, Vera Inber, Petr Miturich, Seergei Esenin, and other progressive writers and artists. Worked in a somewhat Expressionist or Surrealist manner in various media (early and mid-1920s). Principal member of OST, supporting the group’s general return to a figurative esthetic (1925). Focused on stage design (late 1920s onwards). Between the 1930s and early 1960s, established himself as one of the most original Soviet stage designers, especially for Shakespeare’s plays such as Richard III (Leningrad, 1935) and Kind Lear (Moscow, 1935). Continued to work predominantly for the theatre, also worked on wooden sculpture (1950 onwards). Died in 1980 in Moscow.